Philadelphia is famous for the historic events that led to the forming of the United States of America. This is where the founding fathers declared independence and later signed the constitution. Many visitors come here to relive those momentous events and walk in the footsteps of giants.
But Philly is much more than a window on the past. Today’s Philadelphia offers a lot of food, culture and entertainment. A visit to this city is not complete without trying the variety of Philly Cheesesteak sandwiches, visiting a museum or catching a symphonic performance.
In this article, I highlight the historic events and sites in this beautiful city. You can read more about fun activities here.
The city was founded by William Penn, who wanted a capital for Pennsylvania that avoids the horrors of urban areas. He picked a location between 2 major rivers – the Delaware and the Schuylkill – and tried for low-density population.
The name Philadelphia means Brotherly Love in Greek, which fitted in nicely with William Penn’s dream of creating a city of tolerance and religious freedom. Read more about the city’s history here.
Interesting Facts: Philadelphia is the city of many firsts like the first hospital in 1751, first Zoo in 1859, the first daily newspaper in 1784 and first general use computer in 1946.
Later the city became known as the center of the American Revolution, the declaration of independence and writing the Constitution. You can find many more historic Philly sites at the Visit Philly website here.
To experience this history, a visit to the Liberty Bell Center and Independence Hall is a must.
Liberty Bell Center
At the center, you can learn about the road to independence and see the actual Bell that was rung as the declaration was read.
Interesting Facts: The Bell originally was called the State House Bell. It wasn’t referred to as Liberty Bell until the 1800s as part of the abolitionist movement.
Several exhibits highlight the history of the Bell, how it became a symbol of liberty and what happened when it cracked. In one alcove you can read the declaration of independence in nine languages.
Once you pass through all of the exhibits, you can view the Bell from all directions and pose for photos with this historic icon.
This exhibit is free. It can get very busy at times. The security checkpoint at the beginning of the line adds to the backup. If it is too crowded, just walk around in the park outside for a while and try again later.
National Constitution Center
In one hall you can witness a life-size representation of the founding fathers as they sign the historic document. You can walk among them and sign the declaration yourself.
In another hall,l you can take the oath of a supreme court justice and view many exhibits highlighting the debates that raged before and after the declaration.
A multimedia show is presented in the auditorium taking the visitor on a journey through the history of democracy and the power of the people.
After long debates by the delegate, the 13 colonies united in declaring independence from the British Empire on July 4, 1776.
Interesting Facts: Thomas Jefferson and John Adams did not sign the Constitution. They were out of town on business.
The building continued to serve as a meeting place for delegates trying to write a constitution for the independent colonies. In 1787 the constitution document was completed.
Tip: To experience this historic building, you must join a walking tour by reservation only. You have to line up at the visitor center at opening time to grab free tickets for your party. They run out quickly in the morning.
Betsy Ross House
A few blocks away from Independence National Historical Park, you can relive the story of how the first American Flag was made.
Beware though that not every historian believes the story of the seamstress Betsy sewing the first flag, but it is still very entertaining and educational to view the exhibits and learn about this side story of the independence.